Academic Positions

Smith College

Associate Professor of Government (with tenure), 2017-present

Assistant Professor of Government, 2009-2017

Director, Jean Picker Semester-in-Washington Program, 2012-present


The George Washington University

Visiting Scholar, Institute for Security and Conflict Studies, Elliott School of International Affairs, 2010-2011


Stanford University

Postdoctoral Teaching Fellow and Lecturer, Public Policy Program, 2008-2009


University of Cambridge

Anglo-California Foundation Visiting Scholar, Pembroke College, 2005-2006


University of California, Berkeley

Ph.D. (Political Science), December 2008

M.A. (Political Science), May 2003

Dissertation Committee: Steven Weber (Chair), Philip Tetlock, Paul Pierson, Michael Nacht

Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government

M.P.P., June 1999

Concentrations: Advanced Microeconomic Analysis; Political Advocacy and Leadership

Oberlin College

B.A. May 1995

Majors: Politics (High Honors), English

Writings & Presentations


The CIA and the Politics of Intelligence Reform (Cambridge University Press, 2017)


Publications and Works Under Review

“'Imagine a World in Which': Using Scenarios in Political Science,” International Studies Perspectives, 2015 (with Naazneen Barma, Eric Lorber, and Rachel Whitlark)

“Addressing ‘This Woeful Imbalance’: Efforts to Improve Women’s Representation at CIA, 1947-2014,” Intelligence and National Security, December 2015

  • Also published in Typist to Trailblazer: The Evolving View of Women in the CIA’s Workforce (Central Intelligence Agency: Historical Collections Publications, October 2013)


Review: Igor Lukes, On the Edge of the Cold War: American Diplomats and Spies in Postwar Prague(Intelligence and National Security, May 2013 – 1500 words)


Review: Paul Pillar, Intelligence and U.S. Foreign Policy (H-Diplo/ISSF Roundtable, May 2012 – 3500 words)


“Intelligence,” in Paul J. Quirk and William Cunion, eds., Governing America: Major Policies and Decisions of Federal, State, and Local Government (New York, NY: Facts on File, 2011)


“Bureaucratic Politics Model” and “Matrix Organization,” Encyclopedia of Governance, Sage Publications (December 2006)


“Nixon, the CIA, and the Limits of Presidential Power,” REVISE and RESUBMIT


Working Papers

“Flexible by Design: Bureaucratic Concessions and the Founding of the CIA”


“Improving Intelligence Analysis: Measuring Analyst Performance in Forecast Organizations”


“Reforming U.S. Intelligence: When and How Should Intelligence Be Centralized?”


“Who Goes Negative? Quantifying Negativity in U.S. Congressional Races”


“The Political Economy of Gender Discrimination”


Conference Presentations and Invited Talks (Selected)

“Engaging with Policymakers,” Invited presentation to APSA short course, Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, San Francisco, CA, September 2015


“Bridging the Gap in Teaching,” Webinar conducted for the Bridging the Gap Project, April 2015 (link:


“The Political Economy of Gender Discrimination,” Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, New Orleans, February 2015


“The Challenge of Measuring Intelligence Success,” Intelligence, National Security, and War Workshop, U.S. Naval War College, March 2013


“Performance Measurement in Forecast Organizations,” Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Seattle, WA, August 2011


“Who Goes Negative? Quantifying Negativity in U.S. Congressional Races,” Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Seattle, WA, August 2011


“Changing the Guard: The Politics of U.S. Intelligence Reform”

– Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, MA, August 2008

– Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, April 2008

– International Relations Colloquium, UC Berkeley, November 2007

– Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University, October 2007

– Colloquium on American Politics, UC Berkeley, September 2007

“Reforming U.S. Intelligence: When and How Should Intelligence Be Centralized?,” Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, April 2008


“Centralizing U.S. Intelligence,” invited presentation at Los Angeles Terrorism Early Warning Group (LA-TEW) conference, RAND Corporation, October 2006


“Who Watches the Watchmen? Principal-Agent Control and the U.S. Intelligence Community,” Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, September 2005


“The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004: What It Means for U.S. Security,” Foreign Policy Colloquium, Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley, December 2004


“Strategic Intelligence in a Changing World: Lessons from Organization Theory,” Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, September 2004

Awards and Honors


Picker Fellowship, Smith College


Postdoctoral Teaching Fellowship, Program in Public Policy, Stanford University


Predoctoral Fellowship, Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC), Stanford University


Dissertation Fellowship, Institute for Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC)


John L. Simpson Memorial Fellowship in International and Comparative Studies, Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley


Dean’s Normative Time Fellowship, UC Berkeley


Summer Institute on Conducting Archival Research, The George Washington University (one-week intensive seminar on conducting archival research)


Institute for Qualitative Research Methods, Consortium for Qualitative Research Methods of the American Political Science Association (two-week intensive seminar on research methods)


Political Science Departmental Fellowship, UC Berkeley


Research Fellowship, Institute of Governmental Studies, UC Berkeley


Aaron Wildavsky Memorial Prize (top Oberlin College graduate in American Politics and Policy)


High Honors in Politics, Oberlin College

Teaching Experience

Smith College Department of Government, Assistant/Associate Professor

- Foreign Policy of the United States

- Politics and the Experience of War

- International Politics

- Decision and Uncertainty

- Seminar: Intelligence  and National Security

- Seminar: Foreign Policy Decision Making

- Picker Program Semester-in-Washington Research Project

Stanford University Program in Public Policy, Lecturer/Postdoctoral Teaching Fellow

- Politics and Public Policy

- Senior Seminar in Public Policy

- Senior Seminar in Public Policy: Practicum

- Graduate Practicum in Public Policy and International Policy Studies

University of California, Berkeley, Department of Political Science, Graduate Student Instructor

- American Public Policy (with Professor Paul Pierson)

- Introduction to American Politics (with Professor Jack Citrin)

- Public Opinion and Voting (with Professor Jack Citrin)

- Introduction to American Politics (with Professor Sandy Muir)

University of California, Berkeley, Department of Political Science, Course Assistant

- War, Violence, and Terrorism (with Lecturer Darren Zook)

- Politics, Ethics, and Leadership (with Lecturer Meg Carne)

Harvard University, JFK School of Government, Course Assistant

- Introduction to Political Communication (with Professor Thomas Patterson)

Other Experience (selected)

The Bridging the Gap Project

Co-Director, 2010-present

- Serve as one of six co-directors on multi-year grant to conduct research and hold workshops designed to bridge the gap between academic researchers and the U.S. foreign policy establishment

- Co-developed and facilitated the annual International Summer Policy Institute, a week-long professional development program for professors in international and comparative politics seeking to have a greater influence on public policy

Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley

Research Associate, 2005-2009

- Co-designed and facilitated the New Era Global Futures Scenario Project (2007), a series of scenario-planning workshops in China, Singapore, Israel, and Switzerland to examine how international policy communities view medium-term U.S. foreign policy

- Co-organized and facilitated the Berkeley-Duke Workshop on the Future of Biotechnology in International Politics (2006), hosted at the Council on Foreign Relations, New York

- Co-founded and facilitated the New Era Foreign Policy Conference (2006-08), an annual two-day workshop comprising policy planning sessions for academics and policymakers

Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, Berkeley

Research Fellow, Fall 2002-Summer 2008

- Collected and analyzed economic data for project on fiscal federalism with Professors Rui de Figuiredo and Barry Weingast (2002-03)

- Researched European economic, social, and legal policies for project on social boundary definition with Professor Maurizio Ferrera (2002-03)

U.S. Senate, Office of Senator Patty Murray

Press Secretary/Deputy Communications Director, 2000-01

- Managed day-to-day operations of U.S. senator’s Washington, D.C., press office

- Advised senator on political, legislative, and media strategies

- Conducted on-the-record interviews with print, radio, and television press

Media and Public Engagement

“Editorial: New law adjusts balance between security, individual freedom,” Daily Hampshire Gazette/, June 10, 2015 (featured expert)

“Area observers skeptical of new surveillance law,” Daily Hampshire Gazette/, June 8, 2015 (featured expert/interview)

“The Bill Newman Show,” WHMP Radio, August 29, 2014 (featured interview on U.S. intelligence)

CBS Radio (KCBS), February 16, 2014 (featured interview on homeland security policy)

“Women in the CIA focus of Smith College, Central Intelligence Agency panel,” The Republican (Springfield, MA)/, October 24, 2013 (featured expert/interview)

“Women in the CIA Workforce,” C-SPAN American History TV, October 30, 2013 (featured speaker and panel moderator)

“The Bridging the Gap Project,” The Monkey Cage blog (now at the Washington Post), June 11, 2013 (author)

“How Scholars Can Be Strategic Communicators,” The Monkey Cage blog (now at the Washington Post), June 10, 2013 (author)

CBS Radio (KCBS), January 6, 2009 (featured interview on U.S. intelligence)

“Obama puts Panetta in unfamiliar waters,” CBS News/Politico, January 6, 2009 (featured expert/interview)


Foreign Policy in the U.S. Senate: Is the Era of Bipartisanship Over and Does It Matter? ($2500)

E.B. Wiley Fund, Smith College, 2011-2013

Mellon 23 Collaborative Workshop: Teaching During Wartime: Security Studies and the Liberal Arts ($16,310)

Mellon Foundation, 2009-2010

-  Served as one of five co-PI’s awarded a Mellon 23 grant to conduct a workshop on teaching security studies in the liberal arts environment, which took place at Wellesley College in October 2010 and was attended by 18 professors

Professional Memberships and Service (selected)

Council on Foreign Relations (Term Member, 2010-2015)
American Political Science Association
International Studies Association
Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management
Peer Reviewer: International Studies Quarterly, Intelligence and National Security
Faculty Representative, Smith College Campus Council on Community Policy, 2011-present
Advisory Committee, Smith College Public Policy Program, 2012-present

Smith College
Northampton, MA 01063


413.585.3559 (O)